PHARMACOGENOMICS: The FDA have published a provisional list of PGx markers with potential utility in clinical practice, and are inviting comments from the community.
Pharmacogenetic tests, along with other information about patients and their disease or condition, can play an important role in drug therapy. When a health care provider is considering prescribing a drug, knowledge of a patient's genotype may be used to aid in determining a therapeutic strategy, determining an appropriate dosage, or assessing the likelihood of benefit or toxicity. The table below lists pharmacogenetic associations that FDA has evaluated and believes there is sufficient scientific evidence to suggest that subgroups of patients with certain genetic variants, or genetic variant-inferred phenotypes (i.e., affected subgroup in the table below), are likely to have altered drug metabolism, and in certain cases, differential therapeutic effects, including differences in risks of adverse events. The fact that FDA has included a particular gene-drug interaction in the table does not necessarily mean FDA advocates using a pharmacogenetic test before prescribing the corresponding medication, unless the test is a companion diagnostic. Tests that are essential for the safe and effective use of a therapeutic product, including those that identify patients for which the drug is contraindicated, are companion diagnostics. This table is not intended to affect current regulatory requirements or policies, including FDA's policy regarding companion diagnostics.2 Nor is the table intended to make an assessment on the safe and effective use of, or regulatory requirements for, tests that detect variants in the referenced genes, or to provide comprehensive information on the described gene-drug interactions. Read more